All For the Right to Pray (1)

Part One – Walking in Three Worlds

Chapter 1 – Ghost Dancer Speaks to the Court

Ghost Dancer

On September 1, 1995 after a mere two-day trial in the Federal Court, Northern District of Florida and on the flimsiest of circumstantial evidence, a Native American man known as Thunder Eagle Ghost Dancer was found guilty of robbing two banks. He was sentenced to 35 years in federal prison.

From trial transcripts – At sentencing Ghost Dancer delivered this speech to the court:

Your Honor, I have to state that I am not guilty. I don’t know why this man here repeatedly attacked my witnesses as being liars when the record shows there was no lies ever proved…

Since my release from prison I have spent and dedicated my life to my people. And there’s many letters that you received that can verify that fact. I don’t live for your money. I don’t care about your money. To me, my freedom and helping my people means everything to me. And for this man to sit here and call my witnesses liars hurts, because I know those people are spiritual people as well.

My past, I did my time. I think I did rough time. I was sentenced to some of the most maximum security prisons this country has… Why? Because I fought for Native American rights, Native American religions in your Federal courts in Birmingham, Alabama; Montgomery, Alabama; Mobile, Alabama. Eleventh Circuit my name is known. Why? Because somebody had to make a stand. This is what I’ve dedicated my life to, to use your laws the right way. I used [to belong] to AIM, American Indian Movement. I’m still proud of my people that fought for all the executions that took place at Pine Ridge. They had no other choice, Your Honor.

Knowledge and education was a great goal to me, to get the education I needed to help my people. Inside of those prison cells I fought for Native American religious rights. Sometimes doing 90 days with no food because they wanted to try to break that. The whole time I kept litigating, litigating and it proved a point. In a court of law, I could get justice…. You sit in the judgment of me today. That is your right. But listen to the true evidence. There is none. None whatsoever. A child could listen to the evidence that was presented here to this courtroom and understand something is desperately wrong here. Desperately wrong.

It’s my understanding in law…there has to be a burden of proof on these people to prove beyond a reasonable doubt. There isn’t no way that there is not doubts…Mr. Lonnie Cox, the FBI agent from Mississippi testified he had no evidence whatsoever. But now that’s not what this man let that man over there say to all those people inside there [Grand Jury]. Misled to get an indictment. Misled the jury like here. Always misleading them. One day he’s going to have to answer for that. And I hope God has mercy on you for what you’ve done. I don’t hate you, Mr. Knight. I feel sorry for you…

I know you have a job to do. I have a job to do. I have a job to stand up for the Spirit, listen to the God All Mighty, Great Spirit, or whatever name that people use for Him. I walk a spiritual path and where he leads me I shall go.

There’s been some victims in this incident here, and I feel sorry for those at the bank that had to go through that. But there’s more than those victims. There’s the victims of my family, my wife, my people. It’s a victim of the American public having things such as what Mr. Knight [Federal prosecutor] and Mr. Tierney [FBI Special Agent] pulled be allowed in this country. They’re supposed to symbolize to everybody justice and freedom. People who have totally disregarded their oath of office, abused and done illegal acts using authority of the government. It is sickening. It is sickening.

Just for the record, it may not mean nothing to you, it may not mean nothing to him, but this fight is not over. I will fight for truth and justice no matter where it’s at, whether it’s for myself, whether it’s for another Native American somewhere, whatever. And if they think for some reason they can just put me away just because I’m an activist who stands by the law and order – and I do go by the laws of this land and the laws of God and the laws of my Nation. Putting me away inside of a prison cell didn’t stop me before to get things done. And they can go on with their little games as they have done since the beginning of history – of taking away the leaders or those who stand up strong and thinking that you cast them out of sight, your problem is over with. But this problem is just going to be like a sore toe. Every time he turns around it’s going to be bumping him back, because I trust in Him. I cannot trust in man because man is known to deviate. I was a man of flesh. In the past I did illegal things. But not no more. I thank you for this time you have given me to say what I had to say.


On June 17 and 18, 1996, Ghost Dancer was tried in Federal Court, Northern District of Mississippi on a charge of money laundering. His crime? A little more than two weeks after the bank robberies in Florida, Ghost Dancer walked into a Mississippi casino. An imposing figure standing a good 6’ 6” inches in his boots and dressed in Native regalia replete with jewelry Ghost quickly caught the eye of the casino staff. Moving confidently toward a Haywire slot machine Ghost had just one thing on his mind – to test a theory he had worked out in his mind to beat the machine. With casino staff standing around Ghost began playing and within a couple hours, sure enough he won a $1600 jackpot. Overjoyed by his success, Ghost happily submitted his correct name and address for the IRS. The next day marked bills from one of the Florida bank robberies turned up in numerous machines in the casino. A few small bills were also found in the machine Ghost played. Casino management called the FBI and Ghost’s jackpot win turned into a twisted railroading nightmare of monumental proportions.

At sentencing, the court gave Ghost the option to plead guilty. In return his 5-year sentence would be set to run concurrent to his Florida sentence. Ghost scoffed at that offer telling the court he would not tell a lie about something he did not do.

From Trial Transcripts:

The Court: So, Mr. Johnson, basically you had an offer from the government to recommend a concurrent sentence, which the Court told you it would accept, and you refused it…you refused the plea bargain…You took up three or four days which cost the government a lot of money.

Ghost: Would the Court rather have me lie?

The Court: No, I’m not suggesting that you should lie at all.

Ghost: That is basically what it comes down to, whether a man is supposed to get up and lie to you, lie to the court and plead to something he didn’t do, or sit there and fight the case for justice. One or the other… I think history speaks for itself…I am a man that speaks the truth.

The Court: The jury believed that you were lying and I believe that you are lying…Are you telling me that you would rob a bank, but you wouldn’t lie?

Ghost: If I had robbed a bank, I would have told them…The Court has made up its opinion; that is the Court’s opinion. Everybody has opinions. I live by principles, and that is what matters to me.

The Court: I’m sure you do.


So in turn Ghost’s 5-year sentence was set to run consecutive, making his total sentence 40 years. Since the federal government does not provide an opportunity for parole, Ghost was in essence given a life sentence for crimes he did not commit.

Welcome to Ghost Dancer’s NENE CATE, his Red Road journey. Chapters to come will reveal Ghost’s whole and true story from his earliest formative years through all the trials, difficulties and triumphs during more than 40 years as a Native American activist and prisoner in the American system of justice. Anyone who claims Native heritage, honors or respects Native Peoples, their history and their struggles will want to read every chapter of “ALL FOR THE RIGHT TO PRAY.”

Sometimes following the path you are given by that small voice within has painful consequences. Follow it anyway. This is the essence of faith and THE WAY to discover your true purpose in life. The small voice is "That of God" in everyone. epd

All Thoughts, comments will be appreciated and Ghost will respond to reader’s questions. Edna Peirce Dixon, Editor

Published by Sings Many Songs

I'm an 80-something child of the great depression and WWII. Throughout my life I have been a seeker, an outsider, never quite belonging anywhere, still always looking through cracks in the fences of life, questioning, challenging, learning, trying to make sense of the world and its conventions. A lifelong student with many interests and a love of writing and editing, my elder's path led to encouraging and assisting some remarkable people to write out their amazing stories. This calling became the magic elixir that keeps me growing, keeps me alive.

3 thoughts on “All For the Right to Pray (1)

  1. I believe everything Ghost and Edna says. Local gendarmes are currently trying to salvage a two month long failed effort to make me look like a drug dealer. I have never bought or sold any illegal substance. I couldn’t even date gals who smoked marijuana in college, because the US Navy randomly tested young officers. The THC in pot can get in your hair, if you are near the smoke. They couldn’t have intelligence officers, who used illegal drugs.

    Yesterday, a county narcotics detective parked near my house most of the afternoon, while I was building a mini-greenhouse. Dummy . . . he thought a Creek Indian warrior wouldn’t see him. A woman I had dated one time was supposedly back from Florida for the weekend and wanted me to meet her in Clayton, GA for Sunday lunch. Undoubtedly, the cops here were going to plant drugs on my car then stop me on the way home. I decided to have no contact with her. The deputy followed me to the hardware store, when I was getting parts for the greenhouse. On the way back, I used a trick that the FBI taught me in Virginia to get behind him. That let him know that he was messing with someone higher up on the evolutionary chain and he left the environs.

    Though for the grace of God go I ! Ghost didn’t have the advantage of Naval Intelligence experience and working with FBI professionals. Like most Americans, he was totally vulnerable to the rapacity of a corrupt criminal justice system here in the South, controlled by cynical politicians, only interested in money and power.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Hi R.T. my brother, this is Ghost . thank you for your strong words and yes i know they have been trying to get at you. Because you are exposing all the lies that is backed by the system. Be very cautious of anyone , and be sure to use old creek warrior techniques to see if any have been around your property, car or such. Sprinkle dry sand or dirt all around any paths, vehicles, home, buildings and such. Make it all natural , place small broom straw in all doors cracks of vehicles hood, trunk, if they are not there later then they have opened the compartments. and been inside of them. yes brother they tried numerous times to set me up but it never worked. So they just made things up, couldn’t even match my prints or anything to any crimes.
    thank You for all your support and understanding brother. Stay strong and keep pushing forth the truth. Walk in Beauty and Love Always ttyl Ghost

    Liked by 1 person

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